Uniform and guidelines of the 1st Michigan Engineers & Mechanics
                Guidelines for the 1st Michigan Engineers & Mechanics

1) Coats worn by enlisted men can be a 4-button sack, 9-button shell or 9-button frock
coat w/yellow piping. A  C.O.s frock has no piping. All coats are 100% dark blue wool.

2) Trousers worn can be light blue foot pattern, dark blue for early war & mounted
pattern for regt teamsters. All trousers 100% wool. Overcoats for foot-pattern
construction in 100% light blue wool.

3) Foot wear can be Jeff Davis brogans or Jackboots for regt teamsters. Two pairs of
grey wool socks are recommended for each event.

4) Two 3-button pullover cotton or federal muslin shirts and a pair of cotton long-johns
are recommended at each event.

5) Hats to be either a bummer-cap or black slouch w/ 1 x 1 brass Engineer castle. The
company letter and the Regt  number are optional. Officers hat as above, or can wear
kepis except that a patch w/silver castle surrounded by a gold wreath is worn on the
front of the hat in place of the brass castle. Castles should be worn by everyone in the

6) Branch color for piping on frocks, NCO trouser seams, NCO Chevrons and enlis
ted mens hat cords are deep yellow. Officers shoulder boards are black w/gold trim, hat
cord and trouser seams are gold.

7) Firearms can be 3-band British Enfields (.577 Cal.), 3-band   Springfield 1842 (.69
Cal.) 1855-1861-1863 (.58 Cal) Rifled muskets with triangular bayonets. Imported 3-
band muskets expectable, if they meet safety requirements.

8) Leather gear is foot-pattern. An 1860 Army Colt or Remington revolver may be
carried by a flagman, a drummer, or commissioned officer. 1850 Officers foot patte
rn swords are carried by officers. 1840 NCO pattern swords are carried by the NCOs.

9) Personal gear should be an 1860 US canteen, tin cup, period knife and folk, small
frying pan or boiler, period towel, wash rag w/soap, wooded tooth brush, wooded or
period rubber comb, pocket knife and a tarred haversack w/liner. Shelter halves (Dog)
tents are the shelter for the all personal. Officers may have wall tents. Backpacks or
blanket slings may be used.

10) Food: Salt pork, hardtack and coffee were the rations carried by Civil War soldiers.
Dried fruits, apples, oranges, dried beef, carrots, corn and potatoes also supplement the
basic diet of a soldier.

11) The starting rank of the engineers and mechanics was an artificer which was
regards as an honor. The monthly pay for an artificer was $18.00 as opposed to a
regular army private pay of $13.00 a month.
Drawing by Keith Rocco